Dutch Study: Most New HIV Infections Could Be Prevented With Pill

HIV patients

The pill that prevents HIV is not widely available in Europe. If it were, it would probably drop infections considerably, researchers say.

The pill that prevents HIV is not widely available in Europe. If it were, it would probably drop infections considerably, researchers say.

Nearly two-thirds of new HIV infections in gay and bisexual men in the Netherlands could be prevented with antiretroviral treatment, according to a study published on Wednesday.

This treatment — also known as pre-exposure prophylaxis, or PrEP — is not widely available in Europe. It’s not clear whether it would lead to a similar drop in infections in the U.S., where a growing number of gay and bisexual men are already getting PrEP as Truvada, the once-a-day blue pill.

Still, the researchers say that the new study adds to other research showing the public health benefits of PrEP, especially when combined with frequent HIV testing.

“I hope that this study contributes to making the case for making PrEP available to as many individuals as possible,” Oliver Ratmann, an epidemiologist at Imperial College London and leader of the new study, told BuzzFeed News.

Ratmann and his colleagues looked at the medical records of 617 Dutch men who were diagnosed with HIV between July 1996 and December 2010.

The Netherlands, like several other countries in northern Europe, is famous among medical researchers because the government routinely collects health and demographic data on citizens, and then makes the anonymized data available for scientific research. “All hospitals have to comply, which is why we have such a comprehensive dataset,” Ratmann said. “Almost everyone with HIV is in it.”
                           Ratmann’s team looked in particular at the specific genetic code of HIV in each of the 617 men. The virus’s DNA sequence mutates rapidly as it spreads from person to person. By comparing these sequences, “you can say that patient A did not infect patient B, because sequences are so dissimilar.”
                          With this approach, it’s not possible to determine for certain who infected who. But for each infected man, the researchers were able to identify three or four other men who could have infected him. By weighing these various probabilities, the researchers found that an estimated 71% of HIV transmissions came from men who had not been diagnosed, and 43% from men in their first year of infection, underscoring the importance of regular HIV testing.
                           The scientists’ mathematical modeling also found that 66% of the infections could have been prevented if: half of all men at risk of HIV were tested annually; those who tested positive were immediately put on treatment; and half of those who tested negative were put on PrEP.

                            The results are particularly exciting, Ratmann said, because the Netherlands already has a high level of HIV treatment once a person tests positive. These results suggest that proactively treating men before the infection could drop infection rates even more.That high level of treatment, however, also makes the Netherlands quite different from the U.S., noted Dawn Smith of the CDC’s Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention.

“The underlying analysis methods are convincing, and findings are in the ballpark of what I would expect,” Smith told BuzzFeed News by email. Still, “this study’s direct applicability to the United States would be a bit different in that we don’t have the high coverage of antiretroviral treatment or retention in care rates here that are present in the Netherlands.”

Although PrEP awareness in the U.S. is on the rise, Smith added, there are still two notable barriers to making it more common. Too few gay and bisexual men know about it (or where to get it), and too few doctors know about it or know which of their patients would benefit from it.

Link of original article: http://realhealthtreatments.info/dutch-study-most-new-hiv-infections-could-be-prevented-with-pill

The Best Shampoo For Your Hair Type

Shampoo 2Many men don’t really pay much attention to the treatment of their hair, yet your hair can say a lot about your personality.

Great hair starts in the shower. So instead of spending a ton of time styling your mane, pick the right shampoo and conditioner and the bulk of your work is done.

Whether your mane is thick, thinning, unruly, or gray, these products will help you achieve the look you want.

http://www.menshealth.com/style/best-shampoo-for-hair-type

http://sohonycbarbers.com/

How Dwayne ‘The Rock’ Johnson Saved A Life Without His Knowledge

Rock 4

Dwayne Johnson and the kid, Nick Miller.

As a strong WWE fan and could always smell what ‘The Rock’ is cooking, I would like to share this story from the former WWE wrestler turned film actor on my blog today.

Cool story to share on Easter… After my workout I’m driving in my pick up and notice these kids in the rearview mirror screaming and running after my truck. Thought to myself, “Should I stop or keep driving?”. I stopped.

I hop out of my truck and this kid runs up to me, hugs the hell outta me and says its been his life’s dream to meet me and tell me how much Ive inspired him to fight cancer (Hodgkin’s lymphoma) and hard core chemo and stem cell transplant treatments.

He was a little teary eyed and said for months and months all he’s wanted to do was find me and say this face to face. I told him what it meant to me to hear this story. I thanked him, hugged him (and his friends), took a few pics, got back in my truck and drove away.

As I’m driving I start shaking my head (and tearing up) at how fragile life is and how amazing and cool the universe was to make this meeting between myself and this special kid Nick Miller come true. Let’s always take a moment to count our blessings… cause there’s always something to be grateful for. Happy Easter y’all – DJ

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