Heath Issues: 2 Million People Can’t Fight This Infection

Capsule23,000 People Die Each Year Because They Don’t Read Labels (Original article published by ‘UNITEDVOICE’

Does your family doctor prescribe an antibiotic when you or a family member get an infection? Doctors routinely use antibiotics as a first line of defense in fighting infections. The drugs work almost immediately to kill off the bacteria that’s causing the infection. Millions upon millions of lives are saved each year with these miracle drugs. Without them, you could easily die from what started out as a small infection in or on your body.

So, what’s the big concern? What if the antibiotics didn’t do their job in your body? What if you were one of the 2,000,000 people each year who can’t depend on antibiotics to do its job in killing infections? What if your were one of the 23,000 each year who die as a result of having developed a resistance to the miracle antibiotic drugs.

Why didn’t the antibiotics do its job?


Low levels of antibiotics are routinely fed to healthy animals on a daily basis to promote growth and to kill bacteria that can result from conditions under which animals are raised. Over time, some bacteria survive and mutates within the animals to become a bacteria (superbug) that is resistant to antibiotics. When we eat these foods, we can ingest superbugs that are resistant to antibiotics, thus making us resistant to needed antibiotics when we get an infection.

What’s the solution? The Food and Drug (FDA) needs to promote stronger guidelines for raising food animals and farmers need to use better hygiene practices and growth management in raising animals for human consumption. The main problem foods are chicken, shrimp, ground beef, and turkey.

What can consumers do? We can buy foods labeled as Organic, Raised without Antibiotics, Certified Humane Animal Welfare, or American Grass Fed Certified. Finally, we can make sure we are handling uncooked foods properly and cooking it thoroughly.


Street Children: Is Bringing Up A Child Tougher Than Child Delivery?

Child 2

It is only a woman that can tell the pain she goes through during child delivery. Some women take rings off from finger to throw at husbands, because of the pain they go through during childbirth. After delivery, they take back the ring and put on the finger again. Giving birth to a child isn’t easy, yet there are so many motherless and fatherless children roaming the streets, especially in Third World Countries, including Africa.

If one does not really need a child, why should parents bring them into the world to suffer? Training and caring for children, in terms of feeding, clothing, education and health care, have never been a simple task. It is better for parents to prevent an unwanted pregnancy than to give birth to a child to become a menace to society. How can a child learn how to read when he or she is far from the classroom?

An Eastern University in America conducted a study on the impact made on children by various forces in the society. The study revealed that 31 percent of the influence on a child was attributed to his years, 16 percent came from his school and other organizations. While 53 percent of the impact on his life came from his home.

The duty of bringing up a child is surely the toughest task in the world and quite frankly, it takes knowledge and wisdom to raise up a child. The inability of parents to take proper care of their children has caused many children roaming the streets. The neglected children sometimes grow up to be juvenile criminals and delinquents.

Child 3

One of the roots to lack of reading in Africa is child labor

Parents that did not get the opportunity to be educated, may feel education is a waste of time, and therefore the child should be engaged in parents trade. In Africa and Asia, hundreds of children are said to be under bondage, working as slaves to defray the debts of their parents. Under some hardships, children are even forced to sell part of their body parts, such as kidney, to raise money for their parents.

In Brazil, children are sprayed by bullets, for the government to come and carry the dead youths from the street to reduce the child menace population. Is this a logical way to help a country to reduce street-child explosion? It shouldn’t be a sort of embarrassment to Africans when someone says that “The reading standard in Africa is poor.” It should rather be a challenge to us to remove that illiteracy affecting the growing children.

When children are thought how to read from the initial stages, they become interested in books. However poor a child’s reading ability is, his interest in reading would improve his knowledge. Things go wrong for children these days like people don’t know their value in this world. The world must help together with the United Nations to alleviate them from slavery, poverty, and oppression, for they are assets to national development.

Child 4

Another problem which has triggered lack of reading among children in Africa is ‘Child Soldier.’

Ghana, Kenya, Mozambique, Tanzania, and Uganda Governments Engaged In Massive Corruption Costing Africa Billions Of Revenue Loss


Top row: From left John Dramani Mahama of Ghana, Uhuru Kenyatta of Kenya and Armado Guebuzza of Mozambique. Underneath: President Takaya Kikwete of Tanzania and Yoweri Museveni of Uganda.

Hiding In Plain Sight: Trade Misinvoicing And The Impact Of Revenue Loss In Ghana, Kenya, Mozambique, Tanzania, and Uganda: 2002-2011

By Christine Clough, Dev Kar, Brian LeBlanc, Raymond Baker, Joshua Simmons,

A case study on the impact of trade misinvoicing in Ghana, Kenya, Mozambique, Tanzania, and Uganda—titled “Hiding in Plain Sight: Trade Misinvoicing and the Impact of Revenue Loss in Ghana, Kenya, Mozambique, Tanzania, and Uganda: 2002-2011”—found that the fraudulent over- and under-invoicing of trade is hampering economic growth and costing these developing governments billions of U.S. dollars in lost revenue.

Primary Findings

Between 2002 and 2011, US$60.8 billion moved illegally into or out of Ghana, Kenya, Mozambique, Tanzania, and Uganda using trade misinvoicing: Gross Illicit Flows from Ghana, Kenya, Mozambique, Tanzania, and Uganda, 2002-2011, millions of USD | No data from Mozambique and Kenya for 2011.

The report is only the second by GFI to use our new methodology to estimate tax revenue loss from trade misinvoicing.  The study finds that the potential average annual tax loss from trade misinvoicing amounted to roughly 12.7% of Uganda’s total government revenue over the years 2002-2011, followed by Ghana (11.0%), Mozambique (10.4%), Kenya (8.3%), and Tanzania (7.4%


GFI Chief Economist Dev Kar and GFI Junior Economist Brian LeBlanc developed robust economic models that highlight the drivers and dynamics of illicit flows in both directions for each of the five countries analyzed. Nevertheless, GFI cautioned that their methodology is very conservative and that there are likely to be more illicit flows into and out of these countries that are not captured by the models. GFI notes that—due to data issues, varying customs rates by commodity and sector, and various other factors—it is difficult to assess the true tax revenue loss stemming from trade misinvoicing in a particular country. The tax loss figures presented in this study are rough estimates of the possible impact that trade misinvoicing could have on government revenues in Ghana, Kenya, Mozambique, Tanzania, and Uganda.

Country-Specific Findings

Ghana Kenya Mozambique Tanzania Uganda
Ghana Kenya Mozambique Tanzania Uganda
Cumulative Trade Misinvoicing Outflows US$7.32bn US$9.64bn US$2.33bn US$8.28bn US$8.39bn
Cumulative Trade Misinvoicing Inflows US$7.07bn US$3.94bn US$2.93bn US$10.44bn US$457mn
Gross Cumulative Trade Misinvoicing Inflows + Outflows US$14.39bn US$13.58bn US$5.27bn US$18.73bn US$8.84bn
Gross Annual Trade Misinvoicing as % of GDP 6.64% 7.76% 8.98% 9.36% 7.05%
Gross Annual Trade Misinvoicing as % of ODA 189.17% 288.63% 49.51% 131.21% 97.94%
Cumulative Outflows via Export Under-Invoicing US$5.1bn US$9.26bn US$1.26bn 0 US$261mn
Cumulative Outflows via Import Over-Invoicing US$2.21bn US$377mn US$1.08bn US$8.28bn US$8.13bn
Primary Method for Shifting Money Illicitly out of Country Export Under-Invoicing Export Under-Invoicing Both Export Under-Invoicing & Import Over-Invoicing Import Over-Invoicing Import Over-Invoicing
Cumulative Inflows via Import Under-Invoicing US$4.6bn US$3.94bn US$2.22bn US$108mn 0
Cumulative Inflows via Export Over-Invoicing US$2.43bn 0 US$711mn US$10.34bn US$457mn
Primary Method for Shifting Money Illicitly into Country Import Under-Invoicing Import Under-Invoicing Import Under-Invoicing Export Over-Invoicing Export Over-Invoicing
Cumulative Tax Revenue Loss via Trade Misinvoicing ^1 US$3.86bn US$3.92bn US$1.68bn US$2.48bn US$2.43bn
Average Annual Tax Revenue Loss via Trade Misinvoicing ^1 US$386mn US$435mn US$187mn US$248mn US$243mn
Tax Revenue Loss via Trade Misinvoicing as % of Total Government Revenue ^1 11.0% 8.3% 10.4% 7.4% 12.7%


  1. GFI notes that—due to data issues, varying customs rates by commodity and sector, and various other factors—it is difficult to assess the true tax revenue loss stemming from trade misinvoicing in a particular country.  The tax loss figures presented in this study are rough estimates of the possible impact that trade misinvoicing could have on government revenues in Ghana, Kenya, Mozambique, Tanzania, and Uganda.
  2. All monetary values are expressed in U.S. dollars (USD).

Some of the graphs didn’t appear at this website, thus; beneath is the link to the original article: http://www.gfintegrity.org/report/report-trade-misinvoicing-in-ghana-kenya-mozambique-tanzania-and-uganda/