J.N.K. Savage:Tracing The Works Of A Great Journalist Behind Computer Age

SAV 6Journalist/Documentary film Producer and Director Justin N.K. Savage and wife Nancy-Elizabeth Savage (Nancy-Elizabeth Hudson) You looking at my mother and father.

Justin Nobleman Kodwo Savage was a professional journalist, documentary film producer and director, born at Cape Coast, in the central region of Ghana in 1932. While in active service, he passed away on January 29, 1976.

At Guinea Press, now ‘The Ghanaian Times’ during the Kwame Nkrumah era, Mr. Savage travelled extensively across the globe, whenever the president leaves the country to participate in world affairs.

At home, Ghanaians were able to receive first-hand information from Mr. Savage, over Nkrumah’s trip overseas, appearing in ‘The Evening News,’ newspaper dominated by party news, CPP, and adulation of Nkrumah.

At Guinea Press, Justin Savage had the opportunity to make further studies in journalism in London, England, but Nkrumah’s interest in communism took him off Ghana soil to many Eastern European countries including Poland, Czechoslovakia etc, and Russia.

In the sixties, the president of the then Czechoslovakia invited African journalists to his country. Justin Savage heads the African journalists from Ghana, but the Ghanaians presence stole the show, because of the native Kente cloth they put on. Kente exposes the rich tradition and culture of Ghana.

Justin Savage filed his press cuts and combined all his publications which appeared in the newspapers as a magazine, naming it “A Mixture Of Periodicals.” These publications later after his death, became my favourite book, assisting me to gain more writing skills when my interest increased to be a writer.

Darkness fell on Ghana when Nkrumah was overthrown-ed on February 24, 1966, in a coup organized by CIA and local collaborators. Chaos and curfews followed amidst jubilation and sadness. Mr. Savage served Guinea press a year more and he resigned.

He followed a course in technology at the Kumasi Science and Technology, where he studied film production. After his course, he entered into Ghana Broadcasting Corporation as ‘Advisor on film for television.’

He excelled in his profession and had promotions. It wasn’t long when Friedrich Ebert Foundation (West German Television Team) established a television project attached to the Broadcasting House in Ghana.

The Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung is a German political foundation named after Friedrich Ebert, Germany’s first democratically elected president. Headquartered in Bonn and Berlin, the foundation contributes to social democracy by means of:

Political education in order to reinforce its fundamental values, research and scientific analysis of central policy areas, various forms of public dialogue in order to pave the way for it, scholarship programs for students and Ph.D. candidates, development cooperation aimed at global justice and building bridges of international cooperation for worldwide democracy.

For efficient service and to be familiar with new developments in television production, Mr. Savage was at West German for an intensive course. He returned to the Broadcasting House and was appointed ‘Documentary Film Producer and Director.

At the Ghana Broadcasting Corporation, he made a number of documentary films, especially during the exhibition of Ghana and other African products at both the first and second ‘Ghana International Trade Fair,’ in Accra.

Kodwo, the name his co-workers loved to call him, did a number of documentary films, including ‘Ghana At A Glance, Cocoa In Ghana, Backyard Industries and ‘Furnace in a Village’, produced in 1972. I had the opportunity to play a role in ‘Backyard Industries.’

I grew up to see some of his friends such as Mr. Kofi Badu, the Managing Director of Daily Graphic and Mr. Willie Donkor, the Editor of Weekly Spectator, still in the media. In the early nineties, January, I contacted one of my father’s friends called Mr. Ebo Biney, at the Broadcasting House, requesting if he could telecast one of my father’s film on January 29, for remembrance. It came as a shock to me when I learned that all my father’s films got burnt, following a fire which engulfed Ghana Broadcasting Corporation some time ago.

Since then I have been working very hard to see if I can find any of my father’s work online, despite far behind computer age or advanced modern technology. Like winning a lotto, I discovered two. The first is at the website of Len Pole, a Museum Consultant: “Advisor on a film for television, ‘Furnace in a Village’, produced by Kodwo Savage, Ghana Broadcasting Corporation, 1972.” – http://www.lenpole.com/I contacted the museum consultant after the discovery of my father’s work on his website. I was delighted when he told a few years ago ‘Furnace in a village’ was shown at Cannes Film Festival.

Then I had a new break through  when I discovered another work at: Selected Bibliography in Communication – jstor by Graham B. Kerr, under the topic- All African governments are committed to development and most wish to …Journalism Quarterly [forthcoming]. ….. SAVAGEJ.N.K. “Ghana Jugend begeistert.- . “Ghana inspires youth.”

The selected Bibliography in Communication is a book published by the Canadian Association of African Studies. Justin Savage writes:

“We must bridge the gap between leaders and masses, between government and people . . No government tells the people everything, but every government must reach the people so as to tell them what they should be told” – Julius Nyerere

Continue reading: https://www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/483601.pdf?

The search for my father’s work isn’t yet over. As time goes on when I discover something new, I will keep on updating this article. I hope readers will enjoy reading it and if any reader has any suggestion to improve it, you are always welcome.

The incredible story of this great writer neglected when he was a child is now available at Amazon: http://www.amazon.co.uk/The-Writer-Died-Joel-Savage-ebook/dp/B013L54A7O

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Scientific History of Ebola And The Controversial Statue Of King Leopold II

Collins

Mr. Collins Nweke

AN OPEN LETTER TO MR. COLINS NWEKE

By Johan Van Dongen

Mr. Collins Nweke is a Belgian politician of the Green Party currently serving a second term of office as Councillor at the Ostend City Council in West Flanders province. Collins Nweke is of Nigerian origin, and settled in Belgium in 1993. He is the first and so far the only non-Belgian born person to be elected to political office in West Flanders.

He is particularly active in social welfare and ethnic minority issues. He stood as a candidate for the European Parliament in the 2014 elections. Nweke has served as Chief Executive and Chairman of Nigerians in Diaspora in Europe (NIDO Europe), and has been active in consultancy and advocacy in the field of socio-economic development for Nigeria and for Africa in general.

Dear Mr. Collins Nweke,

Due to the relatively independence of the East and West blocks and the closed character of the Soviet ideology, there was little reason to speak of any influence of one and another. Therefore, research activities for offensive or defensive purposes were mainly, conducted under military auspices with high degree of secrecy and controversial testing programs independently. Several countries began programs to develop Bio-Warfare programs following World War I (WWI) including Britain, Belgium, Canada, France, Holland, Italy, Soviet Union and Poland, as described by Bellamy and Freedman in their book: ‘Bio-terrorism’ in 2001.

So Mr. Nweke, although biological warfare was the subject of detailed examination pursuing WWI, However, the most infamous biological weapon program (BWP) was probably that begun by Japan in 1932, in occupied Manchuria. According to Sheldon H. Harris in his book ‘Factories Of Death,’ he describes the Japanese Biological Warfare development between 1932-1945. But more importantly he also described the American Cover-Up.

johan-2

The writer: Micro-surgeon Johan Van Dongen

Mr. Nweke, just for reference, in my book: “Pleidooi voor de Aap”, English title “Pleaded for the Ape”, and “Aids and Ebola the greatest crime in medical history against mankind,” I described that from 1931 to 1945, the Japanese Army engaged in biological warfare (BW) and chemical warfare (CW) experiments using live human subjects, which led to the first widespread use of bacteriological agents in the war. This definitive work about Unit 731 (the Japanese Army’s bacteriological warfare center) and its commander, lieutenant General Ishii Shiro, is the result of more than 20 years of research, including 12 field trips to China in the thirties and forties of the last century.

These actions changed the scope of research activities on ordinary citizens and specific Africans on highly contagious diseases of military importance dramatically. Thus, establishments of military research centers for aggressive, offensive, and defensive research developments began under high 2 secrecy, in both East and West blocs as also published by Klietmann and many others in 2001.

I assure you Mr. Nweke, there can be no doubt as to the fact that the ideological East-West conflict was one of the central problems of the globe of the last century, a period of tension driven by a complex interplay of ideological, political, and economical factors contradictory to one another, which led to shifts between cautious cooperation and often better superpower rivalry over decades. The foundation was the bipolar military competition between the two superpowers the USA and the USSR and their respective allies and developing countries, thus this era was more portrayed as an era of “proxy war” because of its global impact on the rest parts of the world.

Major research and development programs first emerged in the late 1930s and early 1940s. For instance, the development of biological weapons program which involved an extensive lists of causative agents of Plague, Glanders, Ebola, Aids etc, at Camp Detrick, Frederick, Maryland in USA, as the headquarters of the arm’s BW research was implemented in 1943, with approximately 3,800 military and 100 civil personnel. Where many of the efforts involved military researchers, other from Public Health Service, other Federal Agencies and Civilian Research Institutions were also involved.

Historical records show that USA, UK, Canada and the former Soviet Union (FSU) justified the importance of their program because they have learned that since 1937 Japan had conducted a large biological warfare program, including human test, at its Unit 731 in Manchuria.

The German army was considered to be the first to use weapons of mass destruction, both biological and chemical agents, during WWI, followed by Italian biological warfare programs.

Mr. Nweke, as a Belgium politician and very well educated, you should know by now that although all military research establishments in general are covert, the scale of secrecy, intensity of research, span of time, area of competence and precedence in specific agents. In the FSU research activities, these level were planned and controlled by state and kept under high secrecy till the collapse of the Soviet Union. In most cases, it is incomparable to that of the research approaches known in Western hemisphere.

For instance, the existence of large-scale production and storage capabilities of genetically manipulated vaccines, among other BW agents were some of the factors that distinguishes the Soviet Programs or in area of defense, the development of live plague vaccine based on EV76 line NIIEG used for more than 7 decades and continued to be used in some member states of FSU. This phenomenon is respectively described intensively by Ken Alibek in 1999, Henderson also in 1999 and by Zliniskas in 2006; and so far te work of investigative scientist and micro-surgeon Johan van Dongen.

Further scientific prove to Mr. Collins Nweke

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever the precursor of Ebola

The development of different forms of plague 7 vaccines, like non cellular or synthetic, vaccines also known as “chemical vaccine” proposed to be used as booster vaccine or an “aerosol vaccine” in combating disease outbreaks in case of Bio-attack or Bioterrorism were described by Alexandrov in 1962. These are some of unique achievements of FSU, for which no comparable studies are available in Western hemisphere.

In Africa, there are many species of animals that serve as natural reservoirs for the viruses that cause hemorrhagic fevers. For example, the strain of Ebola causing the current outbreak, Ebola Zaire, is believed to have been transferred to humans by fruit bats belonging to the Pteropodidae family, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). This bat family, is also the natural reservoir for the Marburg virus.

Marburg virus has been linked to the recent death of a man in Uganda, as reported by the Washington Post. Like Ebola, Marburg belongs to the Filovirus family of viruses and is spread among humans when a person comes into contact with the bodily fluids of an infected person. Another virus found in Africa that causes hemorrhagic fever is Lassa virus, which is an Arenavirus and is predominantly found in West Africa.

Unlike Ebola and Marburg, the reservoir host of Lassa is a rodent known as the Multimammate rat. Whereas the Filoviruses Ebola and Marburg cannot be spread through the air, Lassa virus can be transmitted when tiny particles of rat feces or urine containing the virus become airborne, according to the Ohio Department of State Infectious Disease Control Manual (ODH-IDCM).

All of the virus families that can cause hemorrhagic fever share certain characteristics, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. They all have a basic structure that consists of a core of ribonucleic acid (RNA) as the genetic material, surrounded by a fatty material.

Harry Hoogstraal and the discovery in our times of Ebola

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF), nowadays known as Ebola, came to modern medical attention in 1944–1945, when about 200 Soviet military personnel were infected while assisting peasants in war-devastated Crimea (Ukrainian SSR). Subsequent epidemics occurred in Astrakhan (1953–1968) and Rostov Oblasts (1963–1971) of USSR and in Bulgaria (1953–1973). There have been numerous lesser outbreaks in southern USSR and, in 1976 outbreaks in Pakistan.

However, it was only in 1967, when Soviet workers first used the generally accepted newborn white mouse (NWM) inoculation technique for CCHF virus isolation and study, that the etiologic agent could be characterized anti-genetically, physio-chemically, and morphologically. Collaboration in 1968 between the Soviet and American experts, M. P. Chumakov and Jordi Casals demonstrated the serologically identical properties of virus strains from human CCHF patients and corpses, lower mammals, and ticks from Asian and European areas of the USSR and from Bulgaria, Congo (Zaire), Nigeria, and Pakistan.

These results confirmed and broadened in subsequent studies, enabled serological and other research tools to be developed for producing identifiable antibodies and antigens required in experimental procedures and seroepidemiological surveys and obtaining scientific evidence to demonstrate vector and reservoir species and virus dynamics in nature. CCHF virus, a member (without generic assignment) of the family Bunyaviridae, is the prototype of the CCHF serogroup, which also includes Hazara virus (from Ixodes redikorzevi parasitizing alpine voles in Pakistan). CCHF virus is enzootic in the Palearctic, Oriental, and Ethiopian Faunal Regions, chiefly in steppe, savanna, semi-desert, and foothill biotopes where 1 or 2 Hyalomma species are the predominant ticks parasitizing domestic and wild animals.

Presence of the virus has been demonstrated by isolations from humans fore instance in Senegal, Nigeria, Central African Empire, Zaire, Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia, Tanzania, and Egypt. As the current concern of bioterrorism with the use the growing of Ebola agents and its global concern, full understanding of research achievements of the FSU/CIS on the subject is indispensible.

Today more than ever, global threats requires much greater collaboration between governments, experts, institutions, in creating a global grass–roots of networks of research and discussion, to achieve global solutions in developing, an efficient, universal, acceptable vaccine most importantly against the Ebola plague, as the most possible way to avoid bioterrorism on public health and the concerns about security at the global level.

Thus, a long term sustainable schedules of congresses and partnership between Russia, and other leading states on the research activities of the pathogens in concerns in the world will be the best option for the solution, development of prophylactic measures against the pathogens, in creating a think-tank, comprising ranges of experts from different countries of interest, initiating dialogs, enhancing transparency and better cooperation in both sides.

Reference:

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jmedent/15.4.307 307-417 First published online: 22 May 1979.

Mr. Nweke, what is your role as a politician for Africans in your motherland and Africa in general?

Mr. Nweke, as an African politician in Belgium, one thing you should know is that, it’s not your position as the only African politician in Belgium that matters, but your services to both Belgians and the African Community in Belgium. Are you pleased about the statues of Leopold and streets named after him after maiming and killing over ten million Africans, including innocent children in Congo, when there is no statue of Adolf Hitler for killing six million Jews? What are you doing as an African politician to help your fellow Africans in your mother land, to prevent being used as Guinea pigs to test drugs manufactured in Europe and America?

I see no reason for attacking Mr. Joel Savage on LinkedIn’s platform, for encouraging Africans to read, because he wants Africans who don’t like to read, to stop saying that Aids and Ebola are curses from God and acknowledged the facts that they are medical crimes committed by the West and America against Africans.

Mr. Nweke, you came to Belgium in 1993 and Mr. Savage came in the year 2000, but it seems you did little or haven’t done anything at all for the African Community in Antwerp, so they don’t know you. Because when Antwerp’s African Community were scared to go for treatment in Stuivenberg Hospital, due to the abnormal high death rate of Africans in that hospital, the African Community asked Mr. Savage as a journalist to go there to investigate and he did.

The results of his investigations is now published as Little Boygium-Wonderful Experience.’ His book has made Stuivenberg Hospital one of the safest hospitals in Antwerp at the moment. When I asked Mr. Savage why he did the investigation, he told me that, Belgium is a country you don’t need to trust, because if they can erect statue and named streets after a criminal who killed and maimed over ten thousand Africans, including children, then they can definitely kill Africans for body organs.

Mr. Nweke, I would like to leave with this advice, you can always clear your voice or sing for someone to feel your presence, but do it at the right time. I’m sorry I don’t know your significance as an African politician in Belgium, when Mr. Savage is doing the work you suppose to do for the African Community.

The Crime And The Silence: Confronting The Massacre Of Jews In Wartime Jedwabne

SILENCE

 A monumental work of nonfiction on a wartime atrocity, its sixty-year denial, and the impact of its truth.

Jan Gross’s hugely controversial Neighbors was a historian’s disclosure of the events in the small Polish town of Jedwabne on July 10, 1941, when the citizens rounded up the Jewish population and burned them alive in a barn. The massacre was a shocking secret that had been suppressed for more than sixty years, and it provoked the most important public debate in Poland since 1989. From the outset, Anna Bikont reported on the town, combing through archives and interviewing residents who survived the war period. Her writing became a crucial part of the debate and she herself an actor in a national drama.

Part history, part memoir, The Crime and the Silence is the journalist’s account of these events: both the story of the massacre told through oral histories of survivors and witnesses, and a portrait of a Polish town coming to terms with its dark past. Including the perspectives of both heroes and perpetrators, Bikont chronicles the sources of the hatred that exploded against Jews and asks what myths grow on hidden memories, what destruction they cause, and what happens to a society that refuses to accept a horrific truth.

A profoundly moving exploration of being Jewish in modern Poland that Julian Barnes called “one of the most chilling books,” The Crime and the Silence is a vital contribution to Holocaust history and a fascinating story of a town coming to terms with its dark past.

The Author

ANNA

Anna Bikont (born 17 July 1954) is a psychologist and writer associated with the Gazeta Wyborcza newspaper since its inception in 1989. Her book ‘Le Crime et le Silence’ won the European Book Prize in 2011.

Bikont was born in Warsaw. Anna Bikont got her MA in Psychology in the Warsaw University, and worked there until 1988. Between 1982 and 1989 She was an underground Solidarity activist; co-founder and editor of Tygodnik Mazowsze weekly, Poland’s largest underground publication.[1] She was a co-founder of Gazeta Wyborcza works as journalist for the Gazeta Wyborcza where she still works today as senior journalist.

In 2011, ‘Le crime et le silence’ the French edition of her 2004 non-fiction book My z Jedwabnego won the European Book Prize.

http://www.amazon.com/Crime-Silence-Confronting-Massacre-Jedwabne/dp/0374178798/ref