20,900,000 Victims Of Human Trafficking Worldwide

Illustration for human trafficking

Illustration for human trafficking

Contemporary slavery, also known as modern slavery, refers to the institutions of slavery that continue to exist in the present day. Estimates of the number of slaves today range from around 21 million to 29 million. 

Modern slavery is a multi-billion dollar industry with estimates of up to $35 billion generated annually.

The United Nations estimates that roughly 27 to 30 million individuals are currently caught in the slave trade industry. The Global Slavery Index 2013 states that 10 nations account for 76 percent of the world’s enslaved. India has the most slaves of any country, at 14 million (over 1% of the population).

China has the second-largest number with 2.9 million slaves, followed by Pakistan with 2.1 million, Nigeria with 701,000, Ethiopia with 651,000, Russia with 516,000, Thailand with 473,000, Congo with 462,000, Myanmar with 384,000, and Bangladesh with 343,000.

Mauritania was the last nation to officially abolish slavery, doing so in 2007; yet 4.3% of the population still remains enslaved.

Despite being illegal in every nation, slavery is still prevalent in many forms today.

Slavery also exists on a smaller scale in advanced democratic nations, for example the UKwhere Home Office estimates suggest 10,000 to 13,000 victims. This includes, forced workof various kinds, such as forced prostitution.

The UK has recently made an attempt to combat modern slavery via the Modern Slavery Act 2015. Large commercial organisations are now required to publish a slavery and human trafficking statement in regard to their supply chains for each financial year

Slaves can be an attractive investment because the slave-owner only needs to pay for sustenance and enforcement. This is sometimes lower than the wage-cost of free labourers, as free workers earn more than sustenance; in these cases slaves have positive price. When the cost of sustenance and enforcement exceeds the wage rate, slave-owning would no longer be profitable, and owners would simply release their slaves. Slaves are thus a more attractive investment in high-wage environments, and environments where enforcement is cheap, and less attractive in environments where the wage-rate is low and enforcement is expensive.

Free workers also earn compensating differentials, whereby they are paid more for doing unpleasant work. Neither sustenance nor enforcement costs rise with the unpleasantness of the work, however, so slaves’ costs do not rise by the same amount. As such, slaves are more attractive for unpleasant work, and less for pleasant work. Because the unpleasantness of the work is not internalised, being borne by the slave rather than the owner, it is a negative externalityand leads to over-use of slaves in these situations.

Modern slavery can be quite profitable and corrupt governments will tacitly allow it, despite it being outlawed by international treaties such as Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery and local laws. Total annual revenues of traffickers were estimated in 2004 to range from US $5 billion to US $9 billion, though profits are substantially lower. American slaves in 1809 were sold for around $40,000 (in today’s money)[citation needed]. Today, a slave can be bought for $90.

Read full article at: http://truthcdm.com/20900000-victims-of-human-trafficking-worldwide/#sthash.VdGPLvNT.dpuf

Life As Immigrant At The Notorious Pantanella In Via Casilina Rome

Ex Pastificio Pantanella occupato da centinaia di immigrati asiatici provenienti dal Pakistan e Bangladesh.Ex Pastificio Pantanella occupied by hundreds of Asian immigrants from Pakistan and Bangladesh.

Roma Novembre 1990 Ex Pastificio Pantanella occupato da centinaia di immigrati asiatici provenienti dal Pakistan, Bangladesh, Africani tra cui (Joel Savage) Panoramica della Pantanella. Rome

As a child growing up in a strongly religious family, I was thought that everything which is opposite to the teachings of the Holy Bible, including laziness is a sin. I tried my best to live a clean life. We were thought to believe that Israel, Jerusalem, and other Biblical countries were all in heaven, without a slight knowledge those countries were on the same earth we are living today.

When I left my family looking for a job, I tried to be sincere and prevented doing anything wrong which could land me in jail. I read that jail changes people’s attitude to be good or worse. But I wasn’t interested to know the positive or negative influences of jail on people. My only interest is never to be there because it’s not the right place for me.

In the year 1990, from Lagos, Nigeria, I made a transit in Rome, on my way to German. In Rome, I was detained at the Fiumicino airport. The Italian immigration regularly does that to many foreigners, especially Africans. Like a tourist, I walked around the airport lounge without a room to sleep and food for three days. On the third, I was really starving, so I approached one of the immigration officials and said to him that I am hungry. He looked at my face and asked me “Am I your father?” Then he walked away.

Without knowing what the officials have in store for me, I handed over an application for asylum as a journalist and it worked, because I have some few publications over my profession on me. On the fourth day, from nowhere came one of the immigration officers, he said to me: “Your application has been accepted, today the police will come to take you to Rome.” I was shocked beyond expression.

Ex Pastificio Pantanella occupato da centinaia di immigrati asiatici provenienti dal Pakistan e Bangladesh.Ex Pastificio Pantanella occupied by hundreds of Asian immigrants from Pakistan and Bangladesh.

Roma 31 gennaio 1991 Ex Pastificio Pantanella occupato da centinaia di immigrati asiatici provenienti dal Pakistan e Bangladesh. Le forze dell’Ordine sgombrano la Pantanella. Rome, January 31, 1991 Ex Pastificio Pantanella occupied by hundreds of Asian immigrants from Pakistan and Bangladesh. The Police evacuate the Pantanella.

 The good Samaritan didn’t only deliver the unexpected message, but he pulled out from his pocket a number of notes and said to me: “I don’t want my colleagues to see me giving you money, buy some food to eat at the airport.” I didn’t take the money. I told him: “This important information you have given to me has taken all the hunger away, thank you.” He walked away with his money.

On the fourth day, the police came, just as the officer told me and took me in a police car to the city, Rome, and left me there to fight for my survival. Without anywhere to sleep, I passed all my nights at the Central Train Station. Among other Africans, we watched a big television screen during the day to forget our misery, then in the night, I go to sleep at my hiding place. The police and the workers at the train station never discovered the place I slept.

After some time, I discovered places where I could eat every day without paying for food. I could take my bath and take some clothes. One of such places was at ‘Via Dandolo.’ Daniela, the head of the Caritas (Charity) at Via Dandolo, was a very good woman, but one of her female workers was a very bad woman. A thief. Since we had no address, our letters passed through the Caritas at Via Dandola and this woman took the opportunity to steal money from our letters.

I caught her twice, so I wasn’t surprised when I lost the 10 pounds a friend sent me from England, but I didn’t tell Daniela about it. Through the Caritas, I had my initial lessons and attended classes to learn the Italian. I was one of the best immigrants who could write and speak the language fluently, yet my life was miserable because I was still sleeping at the train station.

In Rome, I was robbed, admitted and operated at a hospital, but the nurse refused to touch me, because of my color, thus; every morning when on duty, she calls someone to attend to me, but she had time for every Italian patient at the hospital. I was once sitting in the hospital’s garden after the operation, when an Italian old man, one of the patients came close to me, looked at my face and said to me: “Marocchino motaccizoa.” – an insult, after mistakenly taken me as a Moroccan. I didn’t say a word.

Then all of a sudden, as if it was announced on the radio, all the immigrants in Rome, without accommodation, discovered an abandoned Pasta factory called ‘Pantanella.’ Pantanella is notoriously known for all criminal activities, including drug peddling and crime, similar to drug cartel zones of Mexico. One needs strength, courage, heart and braveness to survive at that place. Italians think they are brave, but many of them dare to pass Via Casilina, the street Pantanella is located in the night.

That was the place I lived and worked as a toilet cleaner for thousands of immigrants, using six containers as toilets, to raise money to feed. I was employed by the Muslim head at the place. It’s terrible and frightening to live at Pantenella. It wasn’t a prison, but the place, I think was tough like Alcatraz, because of the criminal activities many illegal immigrants engaged in feeding.

 

Ex Pastificio Pantanella occupato da centinaia di immigrati asiatici provenienti dal Pakistan e Bangladesh.Ex Pastificio Pantanella occupied by hundreds of Asian immigrants from Pakistan and Bangladesh.

Roma 31 gennaio 1991 Ex Pastificio Pantanella occupato da centinaia di immigrati asiatici provenienti dal Pakistan e Bangladesh. Le forze dell’Ordine sgombrano la Pantanella. Scoppia un incendio durante lo sgombero Rome, January 31, 1991 Ex Pastificio Pantanella occupied by hundreds of Asian immigrants from Pakistan and Bangladesh. The Police evacuate the Pantanella.A fire during the evacuation

The abandoned factory accommodated both soft and hardened criminals from various countries, including Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Africa etc. I lived in Pantanella for four months, and the Italian government tired of the crimes going on in that abandoned Pasta factory ejected all the foreigners.

But the Italian government did something great for the African immigrants. Something we weren’t expecting. The government paid for two weeks stay in a hotel for all the Africans, with the ultimatum that before the two weeks expired, we should find a place on our own to live.

Through a very good sympathetic woman called Nana, (she died in Rome a few years ago) I got a job as a houseboy to serve one journalist called Claudio Lavazza, working at television station TG2, belonging to the former Italian Prime Minister, Sylvio Berlusconi. He provided me accommodation and paid me well. Besides, he gave me the new version of Fiat Cinque Cento (500) to drive. It may be likely that I was the first black man in the entire Italy to drive the new Fiat Cinque Cento when it freshly came out. I met other journalist friends of Claudio, including Michele Cucuzza.

After three years, I said goodbye to Rome and returned to Africa. I married and returned to Europe once again but this time choosing Amsterdam. ‘Overseas Chronicle: The Rome and Amsterdam Experience’ is a book once started you’ll find it hard to put away, because of the shocking intriguing stories in the book. Find out more of what happened to me in Rome and later in Holland, which led me to detention in Amsterdam.

 

Come sono sopravvissuto come un immigrato nella Pantanella pericoloso può essere letto in: 
Chronicle 3

Scientific History of Ebola And The Controversial Statue Of King Leopold II

Collins

Mr. Collins Nweke

AN OPEN LETTER TO MR. COLINS NWEKE

By Johan Van Dongen

Mr. Collins Nweke is a Belgian politician of the Green Party currently serving a second term of office as Councillor at the Ostend City Council in West Flanders province. Collins Nweke is of Nigerian origin, and settled in Belgium in 1993. He is the first and so far the only non-Belgian born person to be elected to political office in West Flanders.

He is particularly active in social welfare and ethnic minority issues. He stood as a candidate for the European Parliament in the 2014 elections. Nweke has served as Chief Executive and Chairman of Nigerians in Diaspora in Europe (NIDO Europe), and has been active in consultancy and advocacy in the field of socio-economic development for Nigeria and for Africa in general.

Dear Mr. Collins Nweke,

Due to the relatively independence of the East and West blocks and the closed character of the Soviet ideology, there was little reason to speak of any influence of one and another. Therefore, research activities for offensive or defensive purposes were mainly, conducted under military auspices with high degree of secrecy and controversial testing programs independently. Several countries began programs to develop Bio-Warfare programs following World War I (WWI) including Britain, Belgium, Canada, France, Holland, Italy, Soviet Union and Poland, as described by Bellamy and Freedman in their book: ‘Bio-terrorism’ in 2001.

So Mr. Nweke, although biological warfare was the subject of detailed examination pursuing WWI, However, the most infamous biological weapon program (BWP) was probably that begun by Japan in 1932, in occupied Manchuria. According to Sheldon H. Harris in his book ‘Factories Of Death,’ he describes the Japanese Biological Warfare development between 1932-1945. But more importantly he also described the American Cover-Up.

johan-2

The writer: Micro-surgeon Johan Van Dongen

Mr. Nweke, just for reference, in my book: “Pleidooi voor de Aap”, English title “Pleaded for the Ape”, and “Aids and Ebola the greatest crime in medical history against mankind,” I described that from 1931 to 1945, the Japanese Army engaged in biological warfare (BW) and chemical warfare (CW) experiments using live human subjects, which led to the first widespread use of bacteriological agents in the war. This definitive work about Unit 731 (the Japanese Army’s bacteriological warfare center) and its commander, lieutenant General Ishii Shiro, is the result of more than 20 years of research, including 12 field trips to China in the thirties and forties of the last century.

These actions changed the scope of research activities on ordinary citizens and specific Africans on highly contagious diseases of military importance dramatically. Thus, establishments of military research centers for aggressive, offensive, and defensive research developments began under high 2 secrecy, in both East and West blocs as also published by Klietmann and many others in 2001.

I assure you Mr. Nweke, there can be no doubt as to the fact that the ideological East-West conflict was one of the central problems of the globe of the last century, a period of tension driven by a complex interplay of ideological, political, and economical factors contradictory to one another, which led to shifts between cautious cooperation and often better superpower rivalry over decades. The foundation was the bipolar military competition between the two superpowers the USA and the USSR and their respective allies and developing countries, thus this era was more portrayed as an era of “proxy war” because of its global impact on the rest parts of the world.

Major research and development programs first emerged in the late 1930s and early 1940s. For instance, the development of biological weapons program which involved an extensive lists of causative agents of Plague, Glanders, Ebola, Aids etc, at Camp Detrick, Frederick, Maryland in USA, as the headquarters of the arm’s BW research was implemented in 1943, with approximately 3,800 military and 100 civil personnel. Where many of the efforts involved military researchers, other from Public Health Service, other Federal Agencies and Civilian Research Institutions were also involved.

Historical records show that USA, UK, Canada and the former Soviet Union (FSU) justified the importance of their program because they have learned that since 1937 Japan had conducted a large biological warfare program, including human test, at its Unit 731 in Manchuria.

The German army was considered to be the first to use weapons of mass destruction, both biological and chemical agents, during WWI, followed by Italian biological warfare programs.

Mr. Nweke, as a Belgium politician and very well educated, you should know by now that although all military research establishments in general are covert, the scale of secrecy, intensity of research, span of time, area of competence and precedence in specific agents. In the FSU research activities, these level were planned and controlled by state and kept under high secrecy till the collapse of the Soviet Union. In most cases, it is incomparable to that of the research approaches known in Western hemisphere.

For instance, the existence of large-scale production and storage capabilities of genetically manipulated vaccines, among other BW agents were some of the factors that distinguishes the Soviet Programs or in area of defense, the development of live plague vaccine based on EV76 line NIIEG used for more than 7 decades and continued to be used in some member states of FSU. This phenomenon is respectively described intensively by Ken Alibek in 1999, Henderson also in 1999 and by Zliniskas in 2006; and so far te work of investigative scientist and micro-surgeon Johan van Dongen.

Further scientific prove to Mr. Collins Nweke

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever the precursor of Ebola

The development of different forms of plague 7 vaccines, like non cellular or synthetic, vaccines also known as “chemical vaccine” proposed to be used as booster vaccine or an “aerosol vaccine” in combating disease outbreaks in case of Bio-attack or Bioterrorism were described by Alexandrov in 1962. These are some of unique achievements of FSU, for which no comparable studies are available in Western hemisphere.

In Africa, there are many species of animals that serve as natural reservoirs for the viruses that cause hemorrhagic fevers. For example, the strain of Ebola causing the current outbreak, Ebola Zaire, is believed to have been transferred to humans by fruit bats belonging to the Pteropodidae family, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). This bat family, is also the natural reservoir for the Marburg virus.

Marburg virus has been linked to the recent death of a man in Uganda, as reported by the Washington Post. Like Ebola, Marburg belongs to the Filovirus family of viruses and is spread among humans when a person comes into contact with the bodily fluids of an infected person. Another virus found in Africa that causes hemorrhagic fever is Lassa virus, which is an Arenavirus and is predominantly found in West Africa.

Unlike Ebola and Marburg, the reservoir host of Lassa is a rodent known as the Multimammate rat. Whereas the Filoviruses Ebola and Marburg cannot be spread through the air, Lassa virus can be transmitted when tiny particles of rat feces or urine containing the virus become airborne, according to the Ohio Department of State Infectious Disease Control Manual (ODH-IDCM).

All of the virus families that can cause hemorrhagic fever share certain characteristics, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. They all have a basic structure that consists of a core of ribonucleic acid (RNA) as the genetic material, surrounded by a fatty material.

Harry Hoogstraal and the discovery in our times of Ebola

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF), nowadays known as Ebola, came to modern medical attention in 1944–1945, when about 200 Soviet military personnel were infected while assisting peasants in war-devastated Crimea (Ukrainian SSR). Subsequent epidemics occurred in Astrakhan (1953–1968) and Rostov Oblasts (1963–1971) of USSR and in Bulgaria (1953–1973). There have been numerous lesser outbreaks in southern USSR and, in 1976 outbreaks in Pakistan.

However, it was only in 1967, when Soviet workers first used the generally accepted newborn white mouse (NWM) inoculation technique for CCHF virus isolation and study, that the etiologic agent could be characterized anti-genetically, physio-chemically, and morphologically. Collaboration in 1968 between the Soviet and American experts, M. P. Chumakov and Jordi Casals demonstrated the serologically identical properties of virus strains from human CCHF patients and corpses, lower mammals, and ticks from Asian and European areas of the USSR and from Bulgaria, Congo (Zaire), Nigeria, and Pakistan.

These results confirmed and broadened in subsequent studies, enabled serological and other research tools to be developed for producing identifiable antibodies and antigens required in experimental procedures and seroepidemiological surveys and obtaining scientific evidence to demonstrate vector and reservoir species and virus dynamics in nature. CCHF virus, a member (without generic assignment) of the family Bunyaviridae, is the prototype of the CCHF serogroup, which also includes Hazara virus (from Ixodes redikorzevi parasitizing alpine voles in Pakistan). CCHF virus is enzootic in the Palearctic, Oriental, and Ethiopian Faunal Regions, chiefly in steppe, savanna, semi-desert, and foothill biotopes where 1 or 2 Hyalomma species are the predominant ticks parasitizing domestic and wild animals.

Presence of the virus has been demonstrated by isolations from humans fore instance in Senegal, Nigeria, Central African Empire, Zaire, Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia, Tanzania, and Egypt. As the current concern of bioterrorism with the use the growing of Ebola agents and its global concern, full understanding of research achievements of the FSU/CIS on the subject is indispensible.

Today more than ever, global threats requires much greater collaboration between governments, experts, institutions, in creating a global grass–roots of networks of research and discussion, to achieve global solutions in developing, an efficient, universal, acceptable vaccine most importantly against the Ebola plague, as the most possible way to avoid bioterrorism on public health and the concerns about security at the global level.

Thus, a long term sustainable schedules of congresses and partnership between Russia, and other leading states on the research activities of the pathogens in concerns in the world will be the best option for the solution, development of prophylactic measures against the pathogens, in creating a think-tank, comprising ranges of experts from different countries of interest, initiating dialogs, enhancing transparency and better cooperation in both sides.

Reference:

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jmedent/15.4.307 307-417 First published online: 22 May 1979.

Mr. Nweke, what is your role as a politician for Africans in your motherland and Africa in general?

Mr. Nweke, as an African politician in Belgium, one thing you should know is that, it’s not your position as the only African politician in Belgium that matters, but your services to both Belgians and the African Community in Belgium. Are you pleased about the statues of Leopold and streets named after him after maiming and killing over ten million Africans, including innocent children in Congo, when there is no statue of Adolf Hitler for killing six million Jews? What are you doing as an African politician to help your fellow Africans in your mother land, to prevent being used as Guinea pigs to test drugs manufactured in Europe and America?

I see no reason for attacking Mr. Joel Savage on LinkedIn’s platform, for encouraging Africans to read, because he wants Africans who don’t like to read, to stop saying that Aids and Ebola are curses from God and acknowledged the facts that they are medical crimes committed by the West and America against Africans.

Mr. Nweke, you came to Belgium in 1993 and Mr. Savage came in the year 2000, but it seems you did little or haven’t done anything at all for the African Community in Antwerp, so they don’t know you. Because when Antwerp’s African Community were scared to go for treatment in Stuivenberg Hospital, due to the abnormal high death rate of Africans in that hospital, the African Community asked Mr. Savage as a journalist to go there to investigate and he did.

The results of his investigations is now published as Little Boygium-Wonderful Experience.’ His book has made Stuivenberg Hospital one of the safest hospitals in Antwerp at the moment. When I asked Mr. Savage why he did the investigation, he told me that, Belgium is a country you don’t need to trust, because if they can erect statue and named streets after a criminal who killed and maimed over ten thousand Africans, including children, then they can definitely kill Africans for body organs.

Mr. Nweke, I would like to leave with this advice, you can always clear your voice or sing for someone to feel your presence, but do it at the right time. I’m sorry I don’t know your significance as an African politician in Belgium, when Mr. Savage is doing the work you suppose to do for the African Community.

World Of Horror: Why Do You Throw Acid On My Face If I don’t Love You?

“A woman is a flower in the middle of the garden and the man is the fence around it.” This is one of the thousands of proverbs used daily in my native country Ghana. It’s a saying which reminds everyone the importance of woman in the society from Biblical to our present day abode. They build a nation, they are therefore creatures to adore, cherish, support, protect and love.

Unfortunately, in many parts of the world women are far from freedom. Some are fighting for education, to work like everyone, to drive and to participate in public functions. Religion is used as a stumbling block to dominate and deny women of their rights.  Under the bondage of religion a woman becomes a subject to cruelty, slavery and violence.

Acid 10

Religion calls for the stoning to death of a woman when she commits adultery, but the same religion permits a man to marry more than one woman and continues enjoying life after committing adultery himself, behind his chains of married women. There is something wrong here and I think heaven must be missing an angel who delivers justice to the bad ones. Many religions speak about God, but the cruelty and violence nature demand ‘What kind of God are they really worshiping?

From generation to generation women have suffered violence of every nature, including sexual harassment, domestic violence and rape. The latest is acid attack. In Asia a woman who isn’t interested in marriage proposals often end up disfigured with acid. Here comes a man of 40, he wants to marry girl of 14. A fourteen year old child could be your daughter. Due to her age when she rejects her suitor’s proposal, her punishment is to be disfigured by acid. Shockingly many involved in such crimes walk on the street without punishment.

Acid 5

In Bangalore, India, a former school teacher and mother of two received extensive surgery on her neck, face and hand, after acid attack. What’s her crime? She was beautiful and he resented the admiring glances she got. I will ask again, what kind of God do these people worship? Corruption rules many parts of Asia; thus; many commit heinous crime with impunity. This is the reason acid attack on women is very high in Asia and Middle-East without ceasing.

Acid 6

Images of cruelty of men that claim they worship ‘Allah.’

Victims of acid attack are completely cut from society, because they don’t look like normal human beings again. Their injuries are horrible to the extent that they prefer to be isolated. World leaders turn blind on important issues and waste their time on things less important. How can women continue to suffer in this way? Yet they feel so proud and strong to tell countries that don’t support homosexuality to accept same sex marriage. That is all what they can do.  This is disgraceful; something must be done to stop this madness.

Acid 2

Anyone who throws an acid on someone intention is to destroy or kill, because not all victims are fortunate to survive such attacks. The punishment for such perpetrators should therefore be life imprisonment. There is international court of justice in The Hague, Holland, putting those who have committed political crimes behind bars, but those involved in this grave crime against humanity are walking free, enjoying daily life with impunity.

Memona, acid burn victim.

A true Muslim can never do this to a woman.

What is justice and where can these women find one? Who can help, save and protect women from this menace and violence society? Acid attacks on women should be taken as a serious crime and those responsible be caged for the rest of their lives, this will serve as a deterrent to others, because they are not human beings.

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