Ghana Needs Underground Drainage System To Boost Its Tourism Industry

Ghana Gas Station Explosion

A car lies in a water trench that washed away after heavy rain near a gas station explosion in Accra, Ghana, Thursday, June 4, 2015. Flooding in Ghana’s capital swept stored fuel into a nearby fire, setting off a huge explosion at a gas station that killed scores of people and set alight neighboring buildings, authorities said Thursday. (AP Photo/Christian Thompson)

If the Ghanaian government really wants the country to be one of the best tourists destination countries in the world, then the country should consider embarking on building an underground drainage system, because the much-opened sewage in the country produce horrific odours which prevent tourists from visiting the country.

Almost six decades after Ghana attained independence, developments in the country are very slow and the drainage systems are poor giving rise to malaria and other diseases.

Anyone that visits Ghana has a wonderful story to tell about the friendly people and delicious meals, but the stench that emanates from opened gutters changes the taste of the story to bitterness.

Normally such ugly scenes shouldn’t be something to be seen in the city, but opened sewage are everywhere throughout the city of Accra. Just going round the famous Makola market will put you off to visit Ghana again as a tourist.

It’s very sad that for ages the Ghana government depends on the exportation of raw materials such as farm products and minerals to support the economy. But the revenues from Ghana’s import is not helping the country very much.

Firstly, unseen corruption is daily eating into Ghana’s coffers and the price of commodities given by foreign trade partners is very poor. Without any means to generate effective taxation, the Ghana Ports Authority taxation on commodities brought into the country from foreign countries is higher than the purchased price.

This is completely insane but since there are no means to generate tax apart from exports, the Ghanaian government continues to ignore the ‘Cry of the sufferers’ at the ports to tax foreign goods such as vehicles over two hundred percent high. Many are asking if it worth to bring a vehicle from overseas into the country.

Proper sanitation facilities and underground drainage system will not only increase Ghana’s revenue in tourism but also reduce the high rate of malaria infection.

Yet there are many African countries, including Ivory Coast, making great revenue from tourism because of its well-planned waste disposal and drainage systems. The city of Abidjan can be compared to a city in Europe, because of its underground drainage system. Ghana could have been a great tourist center but poor sanitation and drainage facilities prevent thousands of tourist yearly to visit the country.

On many occasions during heavy floods, people are carried away, but constructing underground drainage to save the lives of people or to increase revenue in tourism industry hasn’t been an issue of concern to the Ghanaian government, yet the government is among other five African head of States, a case study in Europe has discovered are in corruption deal involving trade mis-invoicing, costing Ghana billions of dollars in lost revenue. The link: https://goo.gl/EAHNKc .

Sanitation in Ghana: A Disaster or a Challenge?

Ghana 3After many years of independence Ghana is one of the countries in Africa facing waste disposal, recycling and poor drainage problems.

Original article published in Huffingtonpost.com by Karen Curley

When one walks down the streets in Makola Market, you are overwhelmed by all of the trash that litters the streets. Trash and waste are everywhere. Accra is the capital of Ghana and is a modern city, yet there is garbage all over. There are many reasons for this:

Lack of Proper Sanitation Only 77.5% of homes have toilets. Only 30% have flush toilets. The average person in Accra has to share toilets with 10 or more persons in public latrines. Lack of plumbing has led to huge amounts of water being dumped on the streets.

Lack of a Working Sanitation System Waste removal is for the wealthy because they can afford it. Only 60% of the population has regular waste collection. As of June 17th, all 3 refuse dump sites were closed down. Because of this open sewers and rains are full of trash. Most of the pipes are in polluted gutters. Broken or vandalized ones are open to germs.

Lack of Public Awareness and Proper Education about Causes and Prevention of Diseases There is a lack of information to the public about how diseases spread because of germs and poor sanitation.

Most people are not aware that Accra’s trash problem is a growing cause of many of its diseases. In 2008 over 700US million dollars was spent on treating malaria in Ghana. That figure has not slowed down. Malaria is the number one health problem all over Ghana, especially in Accra.

Malaria accounted for 53% of Accra’s illnesses last year. According to the National Malaria Control Programme, “During 2009, a person in Ghana died from malaria about every 3 hours. This means about 3,000 people died of malaria in Ghana that year alone, most of them children. Cholera is another big problem in Ghana. As of November 2011, cholera has claimed 101 lives.

There have been 10,002 cases reported in Ghana. The cholera outbreak has been directly linked to a lack of proper refuse dumping sites and improper disposal of waste. Deputy Health Minister Rojo Mettle Nunoo has asked assemblies to implement their sanitation by-laws.

Ghana 4

When will Africa or Ghana rise above this? Ghana needs to embark on underground drainage system. 

He has stated that Accra and other larger cities face a 13% chance of a cholera epidemic. He also stated that frequent occurrences of the outbreak happen because many homes, work places, and public places do not have facilities.

So where does Accra go from here? The biggest problem facing Accra is that of mindset. Accra’s people need to adjust their mindset to the changing times. It is no longer ok to throw trash on the ground and in their gutters.

People must educate themselves on the dangers of inadequate sanitation and begin using garbage containers. Authorities from the Accra Metropolitan Assembly (AMA) must implement proper sanitation planning. Without, the above Accra will continue on its course with disease and death.

The Writer

Karen 2

Karen Curley is an international photographer based out of Los Angeles, CA. Her pictures have been seen in many publications including Spin Magazine, US Weekly, and InStyle Magazine.

Her pictures have also been featured on the Conan O’Brien show. She has worked internationally for The Accra Mail in Ghana Africa. Her passion is urban photography. Her work with the homeless has been shown in galleries all over Los Angeles.

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/karen-curley/sanitation-in-ghana-a-dis_b_1197217.html